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40篇文章搞定3500词【妙辞帮全国高考冲刺资料研发中心-衡水内部资料引用文献】-31. Defeat Disability
2023-11-28 11:13:53 来源:妙辞帮单词速记软件 阅读:476

31. Defeat Disability 

原文:

Yang’s ambition was to get an architect certificate or become a bowling master. But when he was conducting experiments with a microscope in the basement, a tank on the bench exploded, sending him flying outwards through the exit. He was out of breath while knowing he lost his eyesight as well as 70% of his hearing. In other words, he was disabled.

 Feeling clumsy, he was annoyed at first though nobody made fun of him. He cut out going outdoors and just sat around at home talking to his parrot or tortoise silently. His sister resigned to help him in many ways. Her assistance and encouragement were so beneficial to his psychology that he adapted to his disability soon and became outgoing again. In a college accessible to him, he studied politics and literature. He always sat in the front row near the entry without any absence and, with the help of his handy laptop, he studied well by means of dictation. His thesis, Abolishing Slavery, met with all professors’ approval. After class, he and his companions often played drum music, which  was noisy but suitable for his hearing. After graduation, he made high profits by designing software for a firm. All in all, in his community, he won his dignity and people’s congratulations.

He always wished all the best to his disabled fellows and encouraged them, “Never mind! All you have is adequate to get your achievement.” [妙辞帮版权所有请勿复制]

译文:

战胜残疾

阳的雄心是,要么获得一张建筑师证书,要么成为一名保龄球高手。但是在地下室里的显微镜下进行实验时,放在长凳上的一只大桶突然爆炸,把他从出口处炸飞了出去。当知道自己除了失去70%的听力之外,还失去了视力时,他完全喘不过气来。换句话说,他残疾了。

最初,尽管没人取笑他,他还是非常气恼于自己的笨拙。他取消了外出,总是在家里闲坐,和他的鹦鹉和乌龟默默相对。他的姐姐辞了职,用许多方式帮助他。她的帮助和鼓励对他的心理是如此有益,以致他很快就适应了自己的残疾,再次变得外向起来。他在一所接受他就读的学校里学习政治和文学,总是坐在靠近入口的前排,从不缺席。在他轻便好用的手提电脑的帮助下,他依靠听写的方式学习得很好。他的论文《废除奴隶制》受到所有教授的一致认可。课后,他和伙伴们还常常演奏大声却适合他听觉的鼓乐。毕业后,他通过设计软件为一家公司获得很高的利润。总之,在他的社区里,他赢得了自己的尊严和人们的祝福。

他一直都把所有最好祝愿给予他残疾的同伴,并鼓励他们:“没关系!你拥有的一切足够你取得自己的成就。”

拼写填空:

Yang’s  _____________ [雄心] was to get an  _____________ [建筑师]  _____________ [证书] or become a bowling  _____________ [高手]. But when he was  _____________ [进行]  _____________ [实验] with a  _____________ [望远镜] in the  _____________ [地下室], a  _____________ [桶子] on the  _____________ [长凳]  _____________ [爆炸],  _____________ [炸飞] him flying  _____________ [向外] through the  _____________ [出口]. He was  _____________ [喘不过气] while  _____________ [知道] he lost his  _____________ [视力] as well as 70% of his  _____________ [听力].  _____________ [换句话说], he was  _____________ [残疾].

  _____________ [feel] clumsy, he was  _____________ [气恼的] at first though  _____________ [没人]  _____________ [嘲笑] him. He cut out going  _____________ [室外的] and just sat around at home  _____________ [talk] to his parrot or tortoise  _____________ [silence]. His sister  _____________ [resign] to help him  _____________ [用许多方式]. Her  _____________ [帮助] and  _____________ [鼓励] were so  _____________ [有利的] to his  _____________ [心理] that he  _____________ [适应] to his  _____________ [残疾] soon and became outgoing again. In a  _____________ [学院]  _____________ [access] to him, he  _____________ [研究]  _____________ [政治] and  _____________ [文学]. He always sat in the front row near the  _____________ [入口] without any  _____________ [缺席] and, with the help of his handy laptop, he studied well  _____________ [依靠;通过] dictation. His  _____________ [论文], Abolishing Slavery, met with all professors’  _____________ [认可]. After class, he and his  _____________ [同伴] often played drum  _____________ [音乐],  _____________   was  _____________ [吵闹的] but  _____________ [合适的] for his  _____________ [听力]. After  _____________ [毕业], he made high  _____________ [利润] by  _____________ [design]  _____________ [软件] for a  _____________ [公司].  _____________ [总之], in his  _____________ [社区], he won his  _____________ [尊严] and people’s  _____________ [祝福].

He always wished all the best to his disabled  _____________ [伙伴] and  _____________ [鼓励] them, “ _____________ [没关系]! All you have is  _____________ [足够的] to get your  _____________ [成就].”

短语句型:

序号

短语/句型

意义

例句

1

out of breath

喘不过气来,上气不接下气

We lay down, out of breath. 

我们躺下,上气不接下气。

2

as well as

也;和……一样;不但……而且

He's got plenty of brains as well as brawn. 

他四肢发达,头脑也不简单。

3

in other words

换句话说

In other words, keep your brain busy and working. 

换句话说,让你的大脑保持忙碌和运作。

4

be annoyed at

对……很生气

My mum will surely be annoyed at my carelessness. 

妈妈肯定会对我的粗心生气的。

5

make fun of sb.

取笑,嘲笑

Please don’t make fun of my friends.

请不要嘲笑我的朋友。

6

cut out

切断;删去;停止;关掉

The curtains were half drawn to cut out the sunlight.

窗帘拉上了一半以遮挡阳光。

7

sit around

无所事事

I'm far too busy to sit around here. 

我忙得不可开交,没空在这儿闲坐。

8

in many ways

在许多方面;用许多方法

We are different in many ways. 

我们在许多方面都不同。

9

adapt to

适应

The world will be different, and we will have to be prepared to adapt to the change.

这个世界将会不同,所以我们必须准备好适应变化。

10

with the help of

在……的帮助下

We've grown up with the help of our teachers. 

我们是在老师的帮助下长大的。

11

by means of

依靠;通过

The load was lifted by means of a crane. 

重物是用起重机吊起来的。

12

be suitable for

适合……的

These regions seem too dry to be suitable for farming. 

这些地区看来太干燥而不适合农业。

13

make profits

创造利润

The greatest value of talents to enterprises is that they can create profit.

人才对于企业的最大价值就是可以创造利润。

14

all in all

总而言之

All in all, it's fantastic! 

总而言之,它很棒!

15

encourage sb. to do sth.

鼓励某人做某事

They encourage boys to be sensitive and artistic. 

他们鼓励男孩子们要反应敏感并有美术才能。

长难句型

1

原句

But when he was conducting experiments with a microscope in the basement, a tank on the bench exploded, sending him flying outwards through the exit.

解析

(1) But是发语词:一是表示一种转折意义,二是引导出一个句子,仅此而已。

(2) when是从属连词,he(主语) was conducting(过去进行时) experiments(宾语) with a microscope(with……方式状语) in the basement(in……地点状语)。从句中又出现介词+名词+介词+名词这种两个介词短语堆砌的语法结构,同学们可以完全模仿。

(3)  主句:a tank(主语) on the bench(介词短语作后置定语修饰主语) exploded(不及物动词作谓语)。

(4) sending……是现在分词作伴随状语。以后可以模仿这种写法,当你写了一个句子,再打个逗号,加个动词ing,再以这个动词ing为基础写接下来的宾语及其他成分即可,只要保证这个现在分词和逗号前面句子的谓语动词是一个同时发生的动作或者伴随状态即可,比如本句的现在分词sending和谓语动词exploded(爆炸)几乎是同时发生的,所以send加ing,然后再以sending为基础往下写其他的成分。

(5) outwards是副词,修饰动词flying,往外飞。through the exit是介词短语作地点状语修饰flying:通过出口往外飞。

2

原句

Her assistance and encouragement were so beneficial to his psychology that he adapted to his disability soon and became outgoing again.

解析

(1) Her assistance and encouragement:形容词性物主代词+名词作主句主语。中文也有这种表达:[他的支持和鼓励]是非常重要的。

(2) were是主句的系动词,so……again是表语。so是副词,修饰形容词beneficial,to his psychology是补语,that从句是结果状语从句(so adj that……如此以至于)。

(3) 状语从句:he(主语) adapted to(不及物动词作谓语,后面接介词to) his disability(宾语)soon(时间状语) and became(这里是系动词,不是谓语动词) outgoing(形容词作表语) again(副词,修饰系动词)。

(4) 翻译时可以做顺序上的适当调整和拆解:她的帮助和鼓励对他的心理很有帮助,他很快就适应了自己的残疾,又变得外向起来。

3

原句

After class, he and his companions often played drum music, which was noisy but suitable for his hearing.

解析

(1) after class:时间介词+名词做时间状语,交代整个句子发生的时间背景。

(2) he and his companions:and并列主格代词和名词作主语。

(3) often为频率副词修饰谓语动词played。

(4) “,which……”为非限制性定语从句修饰drum music。关系代词在定语从句中作主语,was是系动词,but左右两边连接两个形容词作表语。

(5) for是介词:对于,对。后面接宾语名词hearing(由动词hear加ing演变而来)。

(6) 整句翻译比较简单:下课后,他和同伴们经常打鼓,鼓声虽然很吵,但很适合他的听觉。注意:这里的定语从句翻译方法就是用了解释说明的方法(从前往后翻),而不是传统的先翻译定语从句再加一个汉字“的”再翻译先行词(从后往前翻)。

核心考点:

1

be (about) to do sth.

(1) 表示即将发生的动作,在时间上指最近的将来。如:We are about to start. 我们就要出发了。

(2) 在含有be about to do的句子中,不能再加时间状语。如:The medical team is about to start. 医疗队就要出发了。

2

近似词

experiment 实验;experience 经验,经历;bowling 保龄球;bowl碗;companion:同伴,陪伴;company:公司。

3

congratulation

大家注意:congratulation在日常使用的时候绝大多数都是以复数形式出现的:congratulations。

4

一词多义

(1) master:n.大师,能手;主人;v.精通,掌握;控制;adj.最重要的,主要的;熟练的。

(2) study:v.学习,研究;n.书房。

(3) well:adv.好;n.井。

5

近似词

adapt和adopt的区别

1、意思含义不同。adapt是适应于的意思,adopt是收养;采取的意思。

2、使用形式不同。adapt可以作及物动词,用作及物动词时意思是“使适应,使适合”,接sb./sth.作宾语,“适应”的客体常可用介词to引出。而adopt是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语。作“采用,采纳,采取”解时,后面常接方法、方针、步骤、政策、意见、态度、计划之类的名词。

 

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